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You could start off the topic with a  Walk around the house and garden looking at different materials and discussing their properties.  Ask your child what the windows are made of, the doors and the walls of the house. Can they name the different materials? What is the roof made from? What are objects in the house made from? Do you have a leather sofa or a fabric sofa? A carpet floor or a wooden floor?

We want the children to be able to identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock. We want them to be able to describe the properties of everyday materials and be able to sort materials by their properties.

Please use the links below to start introducing to your child all the different materials and their properties. We have also included a vocabulary mat and key words your child needs to learn in this topic.


Has your child enjoy learning about materials? Can they name all the different materials when you test them? Well done!

Now that your child can name the materials and knows what different objects are made from we would like them to start to use the correct vocabulary to describe the material. The best way to do this is to get your child to feel the materials. Touch the wooden chair is it smooth, rough, bumpy? Is it soft or hard? Talk about the glass windows, are they rough, smooth, soft, hard? Introduce the word 'transparent' explaining it means see through. Explain that's why windows are made from glass because they are transparent - letting the light through and allowing us to look through them. Would it be a good idea to make windows from wood? Why not?

Look at other materials around the house and talk about their properties, why do we not have glass chairs - because they are 'fragile' they would break and would not be safe! You could go on Youtube and watch videos on materials, also look at the activities and videos on Discovery.

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