It could help your child to think of multiplication as repeated addition. They should understand that when we multiply, we are adding the same amount each time. For example, 3 × 2 is the same as 2 + 2 + 2.
Using objects might help your child to understand adding objects that are grouped in 2s, 5s, and 10s. There are lots of opportunities to do this using things around your home! You could use pairs of shoes or socks to practise counting in twos, gloves to count in fives, and ice cube trays to practise counting in tens. Help your child to draw pictures of the items they have counted and use these to practise counting in steps of 2, 5, or 10 at any time.
Your child will use arrays to help them with multiplication. Arrays are sets of objects arranged in rows and columns to make a rectangle. For example, egg boxes, muffin trays, ice cube trays, and chocolate bars with rows of pieces are all arrays.
Baking is a great way to use arrays. For example, explain to your child that you need to make 12 muffins. Look at the baking tray. There are 3 rows and 4 columns. Count each column of 4 to show there are 12 holes in total. If we turn the tin around the other way it will be the same.